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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of LIBERALISM AND HOBBES AND SPINOZA found in the catalog.

LIBERALISM AND HOBBES AND SPINOZA

DOUGLAS J. DEN UYL

LIBERALISM AND HOBBES AND SPINOZA

by DOUGLAS J. DEN UYL

  • 45 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

In: Studia Spinozana v.3 (1987) : 261-317.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21608658M

Spinoza's political philosophy is unique because it is the only power-based, as opposed to rights-based, form of liberalism.1 Unlike theories such as that of Hobbes and Locke which are grounded in rights, Spinoza's theory is grounded in power. By the right of nature, then, I mean the actual laws or rulesCited by: 2.   Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume lived in a historical period dominated by dramatic developments and conflicts in three areas—science, religion, and politics—and their thoughts and writings were dominated by the need to respond to those developments, and to understand the relations among them.

Finally, if Spinoza's radicalism naturalizes God and man, it also secularizes politics. The Treatise is the first and perhaps the most eloquent defense of toleration and liberal democracy—and the freedom of thought and speech it secures—in the history of political philosophy. In a sense, Spinoza founded liberal . Spinoza’s Liberalism. Article Though he shared Hobbes's pessim- ism with regard to man's nature, he had a greater belief in the power of reason to overcome the passions 3 and elevate common.

  As one can see, Spinoza is in some respects a Hobbesian though he was more liberal because Hobbes, unlike Spinoza, had the sovereign serving . Leo Strauss articulates the conflict between reason and revelation as he explores Spinoza’s scientific, comparative, and textual treatment of the Bible. Strauss compares Spinoza’s Theologico-political Treatise and the Epistles, showing their relation to critical controversy on religion from Epicurus and Lucretius through Uriel da Costa and Isaac Peyrere to Thomas Hobbes. Strauss’s.


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LIBERALISM AND HOBBES AND SPINOZA by DOUGLAS J. DEN UYL Download PDF EPUB FB2

Baruch de Spinoza ()―often recognized as the first modern Jewish thinker―was also a founder of modern liberal political philosophy. This book is the first to connect systematically these two aspects of Spinoza's by:   "An important book, elevating Spinoza to a deserved place beside Hobbes and Locke as one of the founders of modern political philosophy and showing the importance of 'the Jewish Question' for the whole meaning of modern liberalism."—Nathan Tarcov.

Thomas Hobbes wrote Leviathanin claiming that man’s state of nature was a State of War in which life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.”. It would not be hard to find evidence to support this claim as our history as a people has been steeped in violence and war.

Editorial team. General Editors: David Bourget (Western Ontario) David Chalmers (ANU, NYU) Area Editors: David Bourget Gwen BradfordCited by: 4. For Spinoza, on the other hand, the state is the best form of government unless we can live according to reason and virtue.

It is the second best form of government; the best form of government is one denied by the theorists of liberal democracy (like Locke and Hobbes). Spinoza is. "An important book, elevating Spinoza to a deserved place beside Hobbes and Locke as one of the founders of modern political philosophy and showing the importance of 'the Jewish Question' for the whole meaning of modern liberalism."-Nathan Tarcov/5(6).

Smith wants to present a Spinoza equal in stature to his great contemporaries, Locke and Hobbes, and to establish him as a primary figure in democratic theory. He also wants to show that it was crucial to that theory to settle the question of religion in the modern polity, especially for Jews.

Spinoza and Politics book. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. With Hobbes and Locke, LIBERALISM AND HOBBES AND SPINOZA book is arguably one of the most impo 4/5. In this classic work the author undertakes to show how Spinoza's philosophical ideas, particularly his political ideas, were influenced by his underlying emotional responses to the conflicts of his time.

It thus differs form most professional philosophical analyses of the philosophy of Spinoza. The author identifies and discusses three periods in the development of Spinoza's thought and /5(2). Leo Strauss articulates the conflict between reason and revelation as he explores Spinoza's scientific, comparative, and textual treatment of the Bible.

Strauss compares Spinoza's Theologico-political Treatise and the Epistles, showing their relation to critical controversy on religion from Epicurus and Lucretius through Uriel da Costa and Isaac Peyrere to Thomas Hobbes/5(2).

Smith, Steven B. Spinoza, Liberalism, and the Question of Jewish Identity. New Haven: Yale University Press, Sommerville, Johann P. Politics and Ideology in England, – Differing from Hobbes, and closer to Locke, Spinoza contends that the granting of freedom not only does not harm public peace, but is essential for the thriving of piety and for securing public peace.

This chapter discusses the toleration theories of Lock, Bayle, and Spinoza, which appeared during the Early Enlightenment. Locke’s theory of toleration is overwhelmingly concerned with freedom of worship, theological debate, and religious practice, insofar as these are an extension of freedom of conscience, rather than with freedom of thought and debate, and of the press more broadly, or indeed freedom of Author: Jonathan I.

Israel. Differences between the Locke and Hobbes Philosophy: – John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were known as social contract and natural law theorists. However, both are completely different in terms of their position and the conclusions in respect of several laws. Thomas Hobbes was an.

This book is the first to connect systematically these two aspects of Spinoza's legacy. Steven B. Smith shows that Spinoza was a politically engaged theorist who both advocated and embodied a new conception of the emancipated individu Baruch de Spinoza ()—often recognized as the first modern Jewish thinker—was also a founder of /5(6).

Thomas Hobbes (–) and Baruch Spinoza (–) made diametrically opposed claims as to the nature of the state. What they had in common, though, was that they were both materialists, a radical position in an age of “divine right”.

They shared their materialism with Karl Marx. But Marx was a follower of Spinoza, not of Hobbes. Hobbes is not the father of liberalism." Hobbes's intentions are "authoritarian'," and only a "convoluted genealogy of liberalism" could identify him with it.6 The aim of this essay is two-fold.

First, I seek to defend Hobbes's status as a liberal philosopher by showing that he was a proponent of a liberal politics. by Hasana Sharp. Spinoza was generally silent on the topic of women. When he was not silent, feminists wish he had been.

Nevertheless, despite Spinoza’s noxious remarks on women in, for example, his Political Treatise, several feminist theorists have found resources and inspiration in his philosophy. What accounts for this unlikely companionship between Spinoza and feminism.

Three Skeptics and the Bible: La Peyrère, Hobbes, Spinoza, and the Reception of Modern Biblical Criticism (Kindle Locations ). Read more. 3 people found this helpful.

Helpful. Comment Report abuse. See all reviews from the United States. Recommended popular by: 2. While Hobbes emphasises the importance of law and order, Locke also advocates freedom. Hobbes propagates an absolutist state, aimed at the maintenance of order so as to pacify the imminent war of all against all.

Locke arrives at a liberal constitutional state which in a neutral manner has to protect the freedom and property rights of : Cees Maris, Frans Jacobs. Hobbes should be counted as the founder of modern liberalism, as the first modern thinker to effectively advance the cause of the separation of religion from politics, on a par with Spinoza, as Strauss argues, or whether he is the.Hobbes, Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main,p.

Keywords: Hobbes, sovereignty, human nature, political obligation, social contract The book of Gabriela Ratulea is about "Hobbes in context", meaning the insertion of the Hobbesian political thought in the history of modern age, intellectual and Size: KB.property.

Whereas Hobbes claimed that the people should only revolt and overthrow the state when they can ensure their victory over it, otherwise they should remain under this authority under all circumstances (Grant, ). Liberalism, or at least classical liberalism, focus on individualism, that the individual isFile Size: KB.